List of the 1000 most common Czech words

This list of the 1000 most common words is the result of a statistical analysis which we performed on a large number of Czech-language texts such as news articles and other texts available on the internet.

Czech is an inflected language which means that word endings change to indicate grammatical cases when those words are used in a sentence. This required us to convert the words to their uninflected dictionary form before counting their occurrences in the texts and sorting them by decreasing order of frequency.

Czech is a Slavic language, so most Czech vocabulary words originate from Slavic roots but there are also some loanwords from other languages, in particular Latin and German.

In Czech, as in most languages, the most frequently-used words are generally shorter than the less frequently-used words. This phenomenon, which is apparent in this vocabulary list, is called the brevity law and is also known as Zipf's law of abbreviation because it was originally formulated by the linguist George Kingsley Zipf.

  1. s [preposition] (with) The Czech language doesn’t use definite and indefinite articles. The highest ranking term in this list is a preposition (see this guide to Czech prepositions).
  2. a [conjunction] (and)
  3. v [preposition] (in)
  4. on [pronoun] (he) This is the first pronoun to appear in this list (we have also published a separate guide to Czech pronouns).
  5. na [preposition] (on)
  6. být [verb] (to be)
  7. ten [pronoun] (that – masculine singular)
  8. který [pronoun] (which – masculine singular)
  9. z [preposition] (from)
  10. že [conjunction] (that) For more on Czech accent marks (dashes and hooks) see this article on Czech language basics.
  11. do [preposition] (to)
  12. o [preposition] (about, for)
  13. i [conjunction] (as well as)
  14. pro [preposition] (for)
  15. se [pronoun] (oneself)
  16. mít [verb] (to have)
  17. k [preposition] (to)
  18. ale [conjunction] (but)
  19. rok [noun] (year)
  20. moci [verb] (be able to)
  21. za [preposition] (behind)
  22. tento [pronoun] (this – masculine singular)
  23. svůj [pronoun] (one’s - masculine)
  24. můj [pronoun] (mine - masculine)
  25. by [particle] (would)
  26. po [preposition] (after)
  27. [pronoun] (I)
  28. tak [adverb] (this way, like this)
  29. od [preposition] (from)
  30. jako [adverb] (as)
  31. nebo [conjunction] (or)
  32. všechno [pronoun] (all)
  33. také [adverb] (too, as well)
  34. podle [preposition] (according to)
  35. ty [pronoun] (you)
  36. [adverb] (already)
  37. člověk [noun] (person, human) The word člověk in Czech can mean either “human” or “person”. Despite being a masculine noun, it is considered a gender-neutral term, and it can therefore be used when referring to any human being.
  38. co [pronoun] (what)
  39. jak [adverb] (how)
  40. další [adjective] (next)
  41. nový [adjective] (new - masculine)
  42. u [preposition] (next to)
  43. jeho [pronoun] (his)
  44. hodně [adverb] (a lot)
  45. jenž [pronoun] (which)
  46. aby [conjunction] (in order to)
  47. jen [adverb] (only, just)
  48. stát [verb] (to stand, to cost)
  49. stát [noun] (stat, country)
  50. [adverb] (up to, as many as)
  51. velký [adjective] (big - masculine)
  52. přít se [verb] (dispute)
  53. český [adjective] (Czech - masculine)
  54. jeden [numeral] (one - masculine)
  55. dva [numeral] (two)
  56. když [conjunction] (when)
  57. chtít [verb] (to want)
  58. první [adjective] (first)
  59. muset [verb] (must)
  60. místo [noun] (place)
  61. než [conjunction] (than, until)
  62. před [preposition] (before)
  63. celý [adjective] (full, whole - masculine)
  64. pokud [conjunction] (if)
  65. doba [noun] (period)
  66. ještě [adverb] (still, yet)
  67. hra [noun] (game, play) In the Czech language, there is no distinction between “play” and “game.” Both words can be translated as “hra” – this word can therefore refer to either a written play or a game that two children might play together.
  68. kde [adverb] (where)
  69. každý [pronoun] (each, every)
  70. město [noun] (city)
  71. či [conjunction] (or)
  72. dítě [noun] (child)
  73. jiný [adjective] (different - masculine)
  74. mez [noun] (limit)
  75. jít [verb] (to go)
  76. dát [verb] (to give)
  77. případ [noun] (case)
  78. však [conjunction] (but, however)
  79. ani [conjunction] (nor)
  80. druhý [numeral] (second)
  81. bez [preposition] (without)
  82. dno [noun] (bottom)
  83. možný [adjective] (possible - masculine)
  84. dobrý [adjective] (good - masculine)
  85. dům [noun] (house)
  86. říci [verb] (to say)
  87. velmi [adverb] (very)
  88. společnost [noun] (society)
  89. země [noun] (ground) The word země can be translated as “ground”. When the first letter is capitalized (Země), it shifts meaning to “Earth” (the planet).
  90. vysoký [adjective] (tall - masculine)
  91. uvést [verb] (to state)
  92. kdy [adverb] (when)
  93. firma [noun] (firm)
  94. práce [noun] (work)
  95. dostat [verb] (to get)
  96. začít [verb] (to begin)
  97. poslední [adjective] (last)
  98. kvůli [preposition] (due to)
  99. například [adverb] (for example)
  100. cena [noun] (price)
  101. část [noun] (part)
  102. tedy [adverb] (therefore)
  103. několik [numeral] (several)
  104. proto [adverb] (therefore)
  105. přes [preposition] (across, despite)
  106. kolo [noun] (wheel, bike, round) The word kolo is also often used as a prefix. For example, in the terms koloběžka (meaning “scooter”) and kolotoč (meaning “merry-go-round”).
  107. protože [conjunction] (because)
  108. některý [pronoun] (any)
  109. informace [noun] (information)
  110. možnost [noun] (option)
  111. proti [preposition] (against, opposite) Other than being used as a preposition, this word can also be used in the common Czech phrase “pro a proti,” which means “pros and cons.
  112. tam [adverb] (there)
  113. život [noun] (life)
  114. služba [noun] (service)
  115. vědět [verb] (to know)
  116. tvůj [pronoun] (yours - masculine)
  117. pod [preposition] (under)
  118. vláda [noun] (government)
  119. situace [noun] (situation)
  120. takový [pronoun] (such)
  121. malý [adjective] (small - masculine)
  122. pomoc [noun] (help)
  123. systém [noun] (system)
  124. dnes [adverb] (today)
  125. pouze [adverb] (only)
  126. problém [noun] (problem)
  127. koruna [noun] (crown) This word can either refer to a head accessory or currency. The Czech currency is the “česká koruna,” although most Czechs will just say “koruna.
  128. najít [verb] (to find)
  129. nyní [adverb] (now)
  130. týden [noun] (week)
  131. hlaveň [noun] (barrel)
  132. procento [noun] (percent)
  133. přijít [verb] (to come)
  134. což [pronoun] (which)
  135. strana [noun] (page, side, party) In Czech, the word strana has many meanings: it can either refer to a page in a book, a side (e.g., Whose “side” are you on?), or a political party.
  136. muž [noun] (man) This word is most often used to mean “man.” However, it can also be used to mean “husband.
  137. dobře [adverb] (well) In Czech, the word dobře is the most common response to the question “how are you?”. This word can also mean okay in certain contexts, for example, in the phrase: “Dobře, já to teda udělám” (which means “Okay, I’ll do it”).
  138. běh [noun] (run)
  139. dík [noun] (thanks)
  140. právě [adverb] (just)
  141. vlastnit [verb] (to own)
  142. sám [pronoun] (alone)
  143. nad [preposition] (above)
  144. tisíc [noun] (thousand)
  145. třeba [particle] (necessary)
  146. stránka [noun] (page)
  147. zde [adverb] (here) In modern Czech, the word zde is considered somewhat old-fashioned. In day-to-day life, most people would opt for the word tady (meaning “here”) instead.
  148. cesta [noun] (road)
  149. žádný [pronoun] (none)
  150. konec [noun] (end)
  151. asi [adverb] (about, around, probably)
  152. jaký [pronoun] (what - masculine)
  153. jíst [verb] (to eat)
  154. totiž [particle] (in fact)
  155. film [noun] (film)
  156. kdo [pronoun] (who)
  157. něco [pronoun] (something)
  158. lze [adverb] (it is possible to)
  159. většina [noun] (majority)
  160. měsíc [noun] (month, moon)
  161. nějaký [pronoun] (some)
  162. navíc [adverb] (in addition)
  163. různý [adjective] (various - masculine)
  164. třít [verb] (to rub)
  165. brzy [adverb] (soon)
  166. oblast [noun] (area)
  167. teď [adverb] (now)
  168. vidět [verb] (to see)
  169. stále [adverb] (still)
  170. starý [adjective] (old - masculine)
  171. evropský [adjective] (European - masculine)
  172. řada [noun] (row, queue, season) The word řada can mean “line” or “queue” but this word can also refer to a season from a TV show. For example, in the phrase: “Na kterou řadu Přátel koukáš?” (“Which season of Friends are you watching?”)
  173. škola [noun] (school)
  174. skupina [noun] (group)
  175. nic [pronoun] (nothing)
  176. akce [noun] (action, event, special offer) In Czech, when there is a special offer on something, the item is “v akci.
  177. mnoho [numeral] (many)
  178. nemocnice [noun] (hospital)
  179. patřit [verb] (to belong)
  180. voda [noun] (water)
  181. svět [noun] (world)
  182. nabízet [verb] (to offer)
  183. málo [adverb] (little)
  184. věc [noun] (thing)
  185. zatím [adverb] (in the meantime)
  186. kraj [noun] (edge, region) Much like the US is divided into 50 states and Switzerland is divided into 26 cantons, the Czech Republic is divided into 14 “regions” (“krajů”).
  187. projekt [noun] (project)
  188. hrát [verb] (to play) Much like in English, this Czech word can be used in the context of playing a musical instrument, a role in a movie, or a game.
  189. prostor [noun] (space)
  190. auto [noun] (car) While the full word is “automobil,” most Czechs will refer to their car as “auto” only.
  191. ministerstvo [noun] (ministry)
  192. program [noun] (program)
  193. dělat [verb] (to do)
  194. oba [pronoun] (both - masculine)
  195. říkat [verb] (to say)
  196. policie [noun] (police)
  197. rád [adjective] (glad - masculine)
  198. takže [conjunction] (so)
  199. nabídka [noun] (offer)
  200. obec [noun] (municipality, village)
  201. výsledek [noun] (result)
  202. získat [verb] (to gain)
  203. často [adverb] (often)
  204. tým [noun] (team)
  205. peníze [noun] (money)
  206. centrum [noun] (center) This word which is borrowed from Latin can either refer to the center of a city or a shopping center.
  207. jednat [verb] (to act)
  208. americký [adjective] (American - masculine)
  209. sociální [adjective] (social)
  210. den [noun] (day)
  211. mladý [adjective] (young - masculine)
  212. hodiny [noun] (clock) In this form, the word hodiny usually refers to a clock. It can, however, also be understood as the plural version of hodina (meaning “hour” or “class”).
  213. rozhodnout [verb] (to decide)
  214. stejně [adverb] (equally, just as)
  215. dlouhý [adjective] (long - masculine)
  216. především [adverb] (above all)
  217. republika [noun] (republic)
  218. rodina [noun] (family)
  219. čtyři [numeral] (four)
  220. prodat [verb] (to sell)
  221. změna [noun] (change) While in English, the word change can refer to either “the act of making something different” or “coins”. This is not the case in the Czech language. If you want to talk about coins, use the word drobné – but never the word změna.
  222. ministr [noun] (minister)
  223. základní [adjective] (basic) In Czech, the adjective základní can be used together with the word škola (meaning “school”). Základní škola is the Czech equivalent of elementary or primary school.
  224. obchod [noun] (trade, store, shop)
  225. moc [noun] (power)
  226. žena [noun] (woman) This word is most often used to mean “woman.” However, it can also be used to mean “wife.
  227. nejen [adverb] (not only)
  228. ostatní [adjective] (other)
  229. snažit se [verb] (to try hard, to make effort)
  230. udělat [verb] (to do)
  231. známý [adjective] (well-known, famous - masculine)
  232. čekat [verb] (to wait)
  233. současný [adjective] (contemporary, simultaneous - masculine)
  234. minuta [noun] (minute)
  235. důležitý [adjective] (important - masculine)
  236. začátek [noun] (beginning)
  237. trh [noun] (market)
  238. platit [verb] (to pay)
  239. vhodný [adjective] (suitable - masculine)
  240. důvod [noun] (reason)
  241. někdo [pronoun] (someone)
  242. opět [adverb] (again)
  243. ne [particle] (no)
  244. prezident [noun] (president)
  245. včetně [preposition] (including)
  246. potřeba [noun] (need)
  247. spíše [adverb] (rather)
  248. ruka [noun] (hand)
  249. dojít [verb] (to run out, to arrive)
  250. hodina [noun] (hour, class)
  251. vůbec [adverb] (at all)
  252. soud [noun] (court)
  253. pět [numeral] (five)
  254. nakonec [adverb] (finally)
  255. téměř [adverb] (almost)
  256. vždy [adverb] (always)
  257. stejný [adjective] (same – masculine)
  258. kniha [noun] (book)
  259. pražský [adjective] (Prague - masculine)
  260. zákon [noun] (law)
  261. poté [adverb] (afterwards)
  262. opravdu [adverb] (really)
  263. domácí [adjective] (domestic, homemade)
  264. chvíle [noun] (moment)
  265. zároveň [adverb] (at the same time)
  266. přímo [adverb] (directly)
  267. nechat [verb] (to let)
  268. pracovat [verb] (to work)
  269. celek [noun] (whole)
  270. ulice [noun] (street)
  271. vést [verb] (to lead)
  272. zpráva [noun] (report, message)
  273. přitom [adverb] (at the same time)
  274. daleko [adverb] (far)
  275. dokázat [verb] (to prove)
  276. ovšem [particle] (of course)
  277. podmínka [noun] (condition)
  278. volba [noun] (choice) In its plural version, “volby,” this word also means “elections.
  279. proč [adverb] (why)
  280. nacházet [verb] (to find)
  281. milión [noun] (million)
  282. letos [adverb] (this year)
  283. pár [noun] (couple)
  284. jediný [adjective] (only – masculine)
  285. státní [adjective] (state)
  286. vrátit [verb] (to return)
  287. dokonce [adverb] (even)
  288. nikdo [pronoun] (no one)
  289. bod [noun] (point)
  290. hráč [noun] (player)
  291. kromě [preposition] (except)
  292. plný [adjective] (full - masculine)
  293. výroba [noun] (production)
  294. člen [noun] (member)
  295. tenhle [pronoun] (this - masculine)
  296. zájem [noun] (interest)
  297. návrh [noun] (proposal)
  298. materiál [noun] (material)
  299. miliarda [noun] (billion)
  300. zda [conjunction] (whether)
  301. zařízený [adjective] (furnished - masculine)
  302. podpora [noun] (support)
  303. typ [noun] (type)
  304. tělo [noun] (body)
  305. mluvčí [noun] (speaker)
  306. hned [adverb] (immediately)
  307. zhruba [adverb] (roughly)
  308. připravit [verb] (to prepare)
  309. obyvatel [noun] (inhabitant, resident)
  310. veřejný [adjective] (public - masculine)
  311. napsat [verb] (to write)
  312. mimo [preposition] (outside)
  313. myslit [verb] (to think)
  314. dodat [verb] (to add)
  315. třetí [numeral] (third)
  316. blízký [adjective] (close - masculine)
  317. rámec [noun] (framework, frame) While this word can mean “frame,” usually, when referring to a “picture frame,” one would use the diminutive version of the word, “rámeček” instead.
  318. zejména [adverb] (especially)
  319. zůstat [verb] (to stay)
  320. součást [noun] (component)
  321. osobní [adjective] (personal)
  322. spojený [adjective] (connected – masculine)
  323. pozdě [adverb] (late)
  324. právo [noun] (law)
  325. objevit [verb] (to discover)
  326. minulý [adjective] (past - masculine)
  327. potřebovat [verb] (to need)
  328. podobný [adjective] (similar - masculine)
  329. podařit [verb] (to succeed)
  330. pracovní [adjective] (working)
  331. jestli [conjunction] (if)
  332. samozřejmě [adverb] (of course)
  333. jinak [adverb] (otherwise)
  334. čas [noun] (time)
  335. stav [noun] (state)
  336. zaměstnanec [noun] (employee)
  337. základ [noun] (base, foundation)
  338. tři [numeral] (three)
  339. středa [noun] (Wednesday) This word comes from the word střed (meaning “middle”). It highlights the fact that Wednesday is the middle of the working week.
  340. polovina [noun] (half) In spoken Czech, most people might opt for using the word půlka instead of the word polovina.
  341. policista [noun] (policeman)
  342. světový [adjective] (world - masculine)
  343. lékař [noun] (doctor) In a casual conversation, most people would use the word doctor instead of the more formal term lékař.
  344. zcela [adverb] (completely)
  345. prostředí [noun] (environment)
  346. zase [adverb] (again)
  347. trochu [noun] (a little)
  348. bývalý [adjective] (former - masculine) This word can also be used as a noun, meaning “ex” (e.g., ex-partner).
  349. místní [adjective] (local)
  350. znamenat [verb] (to mean)
  351. krásný [adjective] (beautiful - masculine) This word is useful for giving compliments in Czech. For more on this topic, see this guide to Czech compliments.
  352. pondělí [noun] (Monday)
  353. jednotlivý [adjective] (single, singular - masculine)
  354. hlava [noun] (head)
  355. zdravý [adjective] (healthy - masculine)
  356. naopak [adverb] (vice versa)
  357. byte [noun] (byte) Sometimes, you may come across the more phonetical version of this word, which is bajt.
  358. cíl [noun] (goal, end goal)
  359. finanční [adjective] (financial)
  360. slovo [noun] (word)
  361. dlouho [adverb] (long)
  362. byt [noun] (apartment)
  363. zdravotnictví [noun] (healthcare)
  364. tady [adverb] (here)
  365. hlavní [adjective] (main)
  366. vypadat [verb] (look like)
  367. provoz [noun] (operation)
  368. hranice [noun] (border)
  369. skončit [verb] (to finish, to end)
  370. celkový [adjective] (total - masculine)
  371. otázka [noun] (question)
  372. letošní [adjective] (this year’s)
  373. nikdy [adverb] (never)
  374. agentura [noun] (agency) While in English, the word agency can also mean “control” (as in “having agency”), the word agentura cannot be used that way in Czech.
  375. kvalitní [adjective] (quality)
  376. ukázat [verb] (to show)
  377. vztah [noun] (relationship)
  378. znovu [adverb] (again)
  379. stačit [verb] (to be enough)
  380. národní [adjective] (national)
  381. deset [numeral] (ten)
  382. žít [verb] (to live)
  383. světit [verb] (to sanctify)
  384. doprava [noun] (transport)
  385. jednání [noun] (negotiation, behavior)
  386. řešení [noun] (solution)
  387. okolí [noun] (surroundings)
  388. období [noun] (period)
  389. vytvořit [verb] (to create)
  390. rodič [noun] (parent)
  391. pokoj [noun] (room)
  392. nízký [adjective] (low - masculine)
  393. hledat [verb] (to search)
  394. městský [adjective] (urban - masculine)
  395. onen [pronoun] (that – masculine)
  396. organizace [noun] (organization)
  397. dispozice [noun] (disposal)
  398. stavba [noun] (construction)
  399. rada [noun] (council, adivce)
  400. znát [verb] (to know)
  401. březen [noun] (March) The month of March is called březen in Czech and this word comes from term bříza, meaning “birch tree”. This is because birch trees sprout in March.
  402. smlouva [noun] (contract)
  403. úplně [adverb] (completely)
  404. spolu [adverb] (together)
  405. příští [adjective] (next)
  406. jméno [noun] (name) As a Slavic language, Czech has some unique names. See these guides to Czech girl names and Czech boy names.
  407. zdravotní [adjective] (health, medicinal, medical)
  408. barva [noun] (color)
  409. dle [preposition] (according to)
  410. pohled [noun] (postcard, look)
  411. práh [noun] (threshold)
  412. činnost [noun] (activity)
  413. osoba [noun] (person)
  414. budova [noun] (building)
  415. zdarma [adverb] (free)
  416. kdyby [conjunction] (if)
  417. doma [adverb] (at home)
  418. používat [verb] (to use)
  419. datum [noun] (date)
  420. vzhled [noun] (appearance)
  421. nutný [adjective] (necessary - masculine)
  422. změnit [verb] (to change)
  423. pomoci [verb] (to help)
  424. soutěžit [verb] (to compete)
  425. ochrana [noun] (protection)
  426. půjčka [noun] (loan)
  427. silný [adjective] (strong - masculine)
  428. zajímavý [adjective] (interesting - masculine)
  429. funkce [noun] (function)
  430. rodinný [adjective] (family - masculine)
  431. množství [noun] (quantity)
  432. zjistit [verb] (to find out)
  433. obsahovat [verb] (to contain)
  434. vůz [noun] (vehicle, carriage)
  435. příběh [noun] (story)
  436. způsobit [verb] (to cause)
  437. dílo [noun] (work)
  438. jednoduchý [adjective] (simple - masculine)
  439. sportovní [adjective] (sports)
  440. šest [numeral] (six)
  441. přítel [noun] (friend, boyfriend) While this word can mean “friend,” this is most commonly the case in formal Czech. When this word gets used in spoken or informal Czech, it is most often used to mean “boyfriend” instead.
  442. plán [noun] (plan)
  443. válka [noun] (war)
  444. hotel [noun] (hotel)
  445. květen [noun] (May) The Czech word for the month of May (květen) comes from the term květ meaning “blossom”. This is because many flowers blossom in May.
  446. ředitel [noun] (director, principal)
  447. zkušenost [noun] (experience)
  448. fungovat [verb] (to function)
  449. dost [adverb] (enough)
  450. černý [adjective] (black - masculine)
  451. článek [noun] (article)
  452. rovněž [adverb] (just as)
  453. poprvé [adverb] (for the first time)
  454. moderní [adjective] (modern)
  455. sobota [noun] (Saturday)
  456. nákaza [noun] (contagion)
  457. druh [noun] (species)
  458. ano [particle] (yes) In spoken and informal Czech, many people will opt for “jo” instead.
  459. večer [noun] (evening)
  460. určitě [adverb] (surely)
  461. výkon [noun] (performance)
  462. vývoj [noun] (development)
  463. německý [adjective] (German - masculine) This word comes from the word “něm,” meaning “mute.” Historically, this word came about because German people did not speak Czech/Slavic, and they were, therefore, impossible to understand.
  464. vzniknout [verb] (to arise)
  465. úroveň [noun] (level, standard)
  466. produkt [noun] (product)
  467. prý [adverb] (supposedly, allegedly)
  468. stupeň [noun] (degree) This word can also be used when describing the weather. The Celsius scale is used in the Czech republic.
  469. [particle] (let)
  470. pátek [noun] (Friday)
  471. určit [verb] (to determine)
  472. využít [verb] (to make use of)
  473. kategorie [noun] (category)
  474. řešit [verb] (to try to solve) This word is more about the process of solving something rather than the final product. When Czechs use the word “řešit,” they’re talking about the activity of solving something – not the idea of having something solved.
  475. červen [noun] (June)
  476. otevřít [verb] (to open)
  477. tehdy [adverb] (then)
  478. potvrdit [verb] (to confirm)
  479. těžký [adjective] (heavy - masculine)
  480. pacient [noun] (patient)
  481. dnešní [adjective] (today’s)
  482. občan [noun] (citizen)
  483. stavit [verb] (to build)
  484. přesto [adverb] (nevertheless)
  485. spolupráce [noun] (cooperation)
  486. psát [verb] (to write)
  487. šéf [noun] (boss)
  488. banka [noun] (bank)
  489. zdroj [noun] (source)
  490. bílý [adjective] (white - masculine)
  491. neděle [noun] (Sunday)
  492. růst [verb] (to grow)
  493. tvrdý [adjective] (hard - masculine)
  494. vloni [adverb] (last year)
  495. mezinárodní [adjective] (international)
  496. působit [verb] (to cause, to sound, to give the impression)
  497. restaurace [noun] (restaurant)
  498. forma [noun] (form, shape, mold)
  499. jasný [adjective] (clear - masculine) In informal Czech, this word can be used to mean “sure” or “okay.” For example, when someone asks you if you could give them a hand, you could answer by saying “jasný” (or the adverb version of the word, “jasně”) – but only in informal Czech, never in a formal or professional context.
  500. premiéra [noun] (premiere) Other than this word, Czechs also often use the word “derniéra” to refer to a closing night (e.g., the last performance of a theatre play before the show closes for good).
  501. rychlý [adjective] (fast - masculine)
  502. řízený [adjective] (controlled, managed – masculine)
  503. verze [noun] (version)
  504. objekt [noun] (object)
  505. téma [noun] (theme)
  506. pozemek [noun] (estate, lot)
  507. výrobce [noun] (manufacturer)
  508. předseda [noun] (chairman)
  509. zářit [verb] (to shine)
  510. péče [noun] (care)
  511. začínat [verb] (to begin)
  512. stanice [noun] (station)
  513. příliš [adverb] (too, overly)
  514. krize [noun] (crisis)
  515. rozhodnutý [adjective] (decided - masculine)
  516. obchodní [adjective] (commercial)
  517. úterý [noun] (Tuesday)
  518. oznámit [verb] (to announce)
  519. desítka [noun] (ten)
  520. výběr [noun] (selection)
  521. špatný [adjective] (bad - masculine)
  522. společný [adjective] (common - masculine)
  523. okno [noun] (window)
  524. velice [adverb] (very much)
  525. majitel [noun] (owner)
  526. dětský [adjective] (childish - masculine)
  527. běžný [adjective] (common - masculine)
  528. vydat [verb] (to publish)
  529. vzít [verb] (to take)
  530. existovat [verb] (to exist)
  531. směr [noun] (direction)
  532. duben [noun] (April) The Czech name for the month of April (Duben) comes from the word dub (meaning “oak tree”). This is because oak trees sprout in April.
  533. název [noun] (title)
  534. dávat [verb] (to give)
  535. energie [noun] (energy)
  536. veškerý [pronoun] (all)
  537. spousta [noun] (plenty)
  538. brát [verb] (to take)
  539. postup [noun] (procedure)
  540. původní [adjective] (original)
  541. noc [noun] (night)
  542. zástupce [noun] (representative)
  543. zápas [noun] (match)
  544. skvělý [adjective] (great - masculine)
  545. výrobek [noun] (product)
  546. snad [adverb] (perhaps)
  547. krok [noun] (step)
  548. zatímco [conjunction] (while)
  549. správný [adjective] (correct - masculine)
  550. alespoň [adverb] (at least)
  551. prosit [verb] (to beg)
  552. škoda [noun] (shame)
  553. věřit [verb] (to believe)
  554. týkat se [verb] (to concern, to relate to)
  555. postupně [adverb] (gradually)
  556. fotografie [noun] (photograph)
  557. půl [noun] (half)
  558. omezený [adjective] (limited - masculine)
  559. samotný [pronoun] (himself - masculine)
  560. speciální [adjective] (special)
  561. pán [noun] (sir, man, Mr)
  562. pokračovat [verb] (to continue)
  563. veřejnost [noun] (public)
  564. hnát [verb] (to rush)
  565. střední [adjective] (medium, central, middle) In Czech, the adjective střední can be put in front of the word škola (meaning “school”). Střední škola is the Czech equivalent of “high/secondary school”.
  566. příjem [noun] (income)
  567. informovat [verb] (to inform)
  568. vozidlo [noun] (vehicle)
  569. zajistit [verb] (to ensure)
  570. představovat se/si [verb] (to introduce, to imagine)
  571. smrt [noun] (death)
  572. území [noun] (territory)
  573. dosud [adverb] (so far)
  574. široký [adjective] (wide - masculine)
  575. kontrola [noun] (control, check-up)
  576. přesně [adverb] (exactly)
  577. pravidlo [noun] (rule)
  578. bohužel [adverb] (unfortunately)
  579. hodnota [noun] (value)
  580. vybrat [verb] (to select)
  581. čtvrtek [noun] (Thursday)
  582. následně [adverb] (subsequently)
  583. zahrada [noun] (garden)
  584. příjemný [adjective] (pleasant - masculine)
  585. použít [verb] (to use)
  586. postavit [verb] (to build)
  587. krátký [adjective] (short - masculine)
  588. televize [noun] (television)
  589. leden [noun] (January) January is one of the winter months, and this is very obvious in Czech. The word leden comes from the Czech term led which means “ice”.
  590. věk [noun] (age)
  591. někdy [adverb] (sometimes)
  592. pomáhat [verb] (to help)
  593. politický [adjective] (political - masculine)
  594. údaj [noun] (figure, entry)
  595. rozdíl [noun] (difference)
  596. podoba [noun] (form, likeness)
  597. jenže [conjunction] (but)
  598. síť [noun] (network, net)
  599. síla [noun] (strength)
  600. skutečně [adverb] (really)
  601. podívat [verb] (to look)
  602. partner [noun] (partner)
  603. mnohem [adverb] (much)
  604. historie [noun] (history)
  605. sledovat [verb] (to follow)
  606. mluvit [verb] (to speak)
  607. nízko [adverb] (low)
  608. způsob [noun] (way, manner)
  609. šance [noun] (chance)
  610. značka [noun] (brand)
  611. schopný [adjective] (capable - masculine)
  612. přístup [noun] (approach)
  613. událost [noun] (event)
  614. bát [verb] (to fear)
  615. sedm [numeral] (seven)
  616. jednotka [noun] (unit)
  617. prodej [noun] (sale)
  618. nicméně [adverb] (however)
  619. věnovat [verb] (to donate, to devote)
  620. velikost [noun] (size)
  621. oblíbený [adjective] (favorite – masculine)
  622. zemřít [verb] (to die)
  623. významný [adjective] (significant - masculine)
  624. zákazník [noun] (customer)
  625. student [noun] (student)
  626. dveře [noun] (door)
  627. společně [adverb] (together)
  628. kontakt [noun] (contact)
  629. šíření [noun] (dissemination, spreading)
  630. představit [verb] (to introduce)
  631. zřejmě [adverb] (apparently)
  632. tvořit [verb] (to create)
  633. rekonstrukce [noun] (reconstruction)
  634. role [noun] (role)
  635. použitý [adjective] (used - masculine)
  636. poslat [verb] (to send)
  637. cca [adverb] (approx.)
  638. vysoko [adverb] (high)
  639. trvat [verb] (to last)
  640. oko [noun] (eye)
  641. průběh [noun] (course, development, run)
  642. chodit [verb] (to walk)
  643. žádost [noun] (request)
  644. domov [noun] (home)
  645. lid [noun] (people)
  646. metr [noun] (meter)
  647. karta [noun] (tab)
  648. plocha [noun] (area)
  649. kancelář [noun] (office)
  650. využívat [verb] (to make use of, to exploit)
  651. autor [noun] (author)
  652. aktuální [adjective] (current)
  653. podnik [noun] (enterprise)
  654. studium [noun] (study)
  655. ubytování [noun] (accommodation)
  656. rána [noun] (wound, punch, bang) This word has many meanings. It can either refer to a sound (such as a loud “bang” noise), a punch (such as the impact of someone punching someone else), or a wound. It is also the plural nominative and vocative version of the word ráno (meaning “morning”).
  657. prostě [adverb] (simply)
  658. prostředek [noun] (means)
  659. sloužit [verb] (to serve)
  660. zápasit [verb] (to wrestle)
  661. pandemie [noun] (pandemic)
  662. nabídnout [verb] (to offer)
  663. bezpečný [adjective] (safe - masculine)
  664. návštěvník [noun] (visitor)
  665. areál [noun] (compound)
  666. technologie [noun] (technology)
  667. utkání [noun] (match)
  668. úspěšný [adjective] (successful - masculine)
  669. příprava [noun] (preparation)
  670. pozice [noun] (position)
  671. volný [adjective] (free - masculine)
  672. umět [verb] (to be able to)
  673. vedle [preposition] (beside)
  674. držet [verb] (to hold)
  675. mnohý [adjective] (many - masculine)
  676. výrazně [adverb] (significantly)
  677. pocit [noun] (feeling)
  678. jistit [verb] (to secure)
  679. závod [noun] (racing)
  680. názor [noun] (opinion)
  681. sto [noun] (hundred)
  682. liga [noun] (league)
  683. náklad [noun] (cargo)
  684. žák [noun] (pupil)
  685. test [noun] (test)
  686. kam [adverb] (where)
  687. říjen [noun] (October)
  688. dopravní [adjective] (traffic)
  689. ročník [noun] (year, class, grade) Among other things, this Czech word can refer to a wine vintage.
  690. vyjít [verb] (to come out, to be published) This word means both “to be published” and “to come out” (for example, “to come out of the room”). It cannot, however, be used to mean “to come out of the closet.” In this context, Czechs would actually use the English “coming out” instead, as there is no Czech equivalent for this phrase.
  691. lidský [adjective] (human - masculine)
  692. komise [noun] (committee)
  693. návštěva [noun] (visit)
  694. divadlo [noun] (theater)
  695. nehoda [noun] (accident)
  696. klasický [adjective] (classical = masculine)
  697. koupit [verb] (to buy)
  698. příspěvek [noun] (contribution)
  699. smět [verb] (may)
  700. soukromý [adjective] (private - masculine)
  701. odborník [noun] (expert)
  702. syn [noun] (son)
  703. otevřený [adjective] (open - masculine)
  704. klub [noun] (club)
  705. probíhat [verb] (to take place)
  706. bezpečnostní [adjective] (security)
  707. souvislost [noun] (connection, link)
  708. pravý [adjective] (right, real - masculine)
  709. jenom [adverb] (only)
  710. styl [noun] (style)
  711. pohyb [noun] (movement)
  712. zabývat [verb] (to deal with)
  713. epidemie [noun] (epidemic)
  714. matka [noun] (mother)
  715. osm [numeral] (eight)
  716. náměstí [noun] (square)
  717. rozhodně [adverb] (definitely)
  718. zvíře [noun] (animal)
  719. listopad [noun] (November) The word listopad is formed by combining two basic Czech words: list (meaning “leaf”) and pad (meaning “fall”). This is because November is the month when the leaves start falling.
  720. text [noun] (text)
  721. britský [adjective] (British - masculine)
  722. úspěch [noun] (success)
  723. umožňovat [verb] (to enabel)
  724. dcera [noun] (daughter)
  725. stavební [adjective] (building, structural)
  726. dívka [noun] (girl)
  727. konat [verb] (to do, to carry out)
  728. dohoda [noun] (agreement)
  729. vstoupit [verb] (enter)
  730. považovat [verb] (to consider)
  731. míra [noun] (measure)
  732. kvalita [noun] (quality)
  733. přinést [verb] (to bring)
  734. jet [verb] (to go by something)
  735. katalog [noun] (catalogue)
  736. poskytovat [verb] (to provide)
  737. určitý [adjective] (definite - masculine)
  738. výstava [noun] (exhibition)
  739. vyhrát [verb] (to win)
  740. proces [noun] (process)
  741. počasí [noun] (weather)
  742. dosáhnout [verb] (to achieve)
  743. hudební [adjective] (musical)
  744. finance [noun] (finance)
  745. cítit [verb] (to feel)
  746. hrozit [verb] (to threaten)
  747. ekonomika [noun] (economy)
  748. ruský [adjective] (Russian - masculine)
  749. oběť [noun] (sacrifice)
  750. pravda [noun] (truth)
  751. minulost [noun] (past)
  752. správa [noun] (administration)
  753. zahraniční [adjective] (foreign)
  754. aktivita [noun] (activity)
  755. částka [noun] (amount, sum)
  756. úkol [noun] (task) In addition to meaning “task,” this Czech word can also mean “homework.” It can be used either on its own or with the adjective “domácí” (meaning “home”).
  757. otec [noun] (father)
  758. noha [noun] (leg)
  759. tentokrát [adverb] (this time)
  760. divák [noun] (spectator)
  761. měnit [verb] (to change)
  762. čínský [adjective] (Chinese - masculine)
  763. příležitost [noun] (opportunity)
  764. hora [noun] (mountain)
  765. světlo [noun] (light)
  766. dolar [noun] (dollar)
  767. příroda [noun] (nature)
  768. místnost [noun] (room)
  769. les [noun] (forest)
  770. jistý [adjective] (certain - masculine)
  771. úřad [noun] (office)
  772. látka [noun] (substance)
  773. pozitivní [adjective] (positive)
  774. denně [adverb] (daily)
  775. rozvoj [noun] (development)
  776. uzavřít [verb] (to conclude)
  777. rozhovor [noun] (interview)
  778. seznámit [verb] (to introduce)
  779. předchozí [adjective] (previous)
  780. kolik [numeral] (how much)
  781. policejní [adjective] (police)
  782. režim [noun] (mode, regime) This word comes from the French “régime.” It is often used together with the adjective “pitný.” “Pitný režim” is the process of drinking enough water throughout the day to keep well-hydrated. Czechs often used the phrase “dodržovat pitný režim” (meaning “to keep well-hydrated throughout the day”).
  783. vnitřní [adjective] (inner)
  784. sport [noun] (sport)
  785. zdát [verb]
  786. průmysl [noun] (industry)
  787. přírodní [adjective] (natural)
  788. profesionální [adjective] (professional)
  789. manžel [noun] (husband)
  790. chybit [verb] (to miss)
  791. herec [noun] (actor)
  792. vybavený [adjective] (equipped - masculine)
  793. letadlo [noun] (aircraft)
  794. technika [noun] (technique)
  795. prosinec [noun] (December)
  796. případně [adverb] (possibly)
  797. pořád [adverb] (always)
  798. obrovský [adjective] (enormous - masculine)
  799. předmět [noun] (object)
  800. pracovník [noun] (worker)
  801. uzavřený [adjective] (closed - masculine)
  802. termín [noun] (date, deadline)
  803. odkaz [noun] (link)
  804. boj [noun] (fight)
  805. historický [adjective] (historical - masculine)
  806. poslanec [noun] (Member of Parliament)
  807. zůstávat [verb] (to remain)
  808. podobně [adverb] (likewise)
  809. požadavek [noun] (requirement)
  810. odpoledne [noun] (afternoon)
  811. únor [noun] (February) The Czech name for the month of February (únor) comes from the word nořit which means “to submerge”. This is because, in February, the ice is slowly melting and sinking in the water.
  812. schopnost [noun] (ability)
  813. ukazovat [verb] (to show)
  814. potřebný [adjective] (needed - masculine)
  815. účastník [noun] (participant)
  816. poměrně [adverb] (relatively)
  817. dít se [verb] (to happen, to be going on)
  818. přinášet [verb] (to bring, to cause)
  819. aplikace [noun] (app)
  820. technický [adjective] (technical - masculine)
  821. kilometr [noun] (kilometer)
  822. teprve [adverb] (only)
  823. umožnit [verb] (to enable)
  824. řadit [verb] (to sort)
  825. list [noun] (list)
  826. video [noun] (video)
  827. tradiční [adjective] (traditional)
  828. láska [noun] (love) This Czech word is also used as a term of endearment. For more, see this guide to Czech terms of endearments.
  829. fakt [noun] (fact)
  830. král [noun] (king)
  831. ideální [adjective] (ideal)
  832. zvýšit [verb] (to increase)
  833. tolik [adverb] (so much)
  834. úprava [noun] (modification)
  835. plnit [verb] (to fulfill)
  836. rychlost [noun] (speed)
  837. kulturní [adjective] (cultural)
  838. hasič [noun] (fireman)
  839. stovka [noun] (hundred) The word stovka means “one hundred” and it is most commonly used to refer to a 100-Czech-koruna bill.
  840. dodávat [verb] (to supply, to add)
  841. přijmout [verb] (to accept)
  842. ekonomický [adjective] (economic - masculine)
  843. jižní [adjective] (southern)
  844. univerzita [noun] (university)
  845. pronájem [noun] (rental)
  846. stůl [noun] (table)
  847. zastavit [verb] (to stop)
  848. loňský [adjective] (last year’s – masculine)
  849. turnaj [noun] (tournament)
  850. ležet [verb] (to lie, to be lying down)
  851. tiskový [adjective] (press - masculine)
  852. zpět [adverb] (backwards)
  853. počítat [verb] (to count)
  854. riziko [noun] (risk)
  855. konkrétní [adjective] (specific)
  856. deska [noun] (board, record) This is considered a false friend. In English, the word “desk” means “writing table.” However, in Czech, this is not the case. “Deska” cannot be used in this context. If you want to say “desk,” use the word “stůl” (meaning “table”) or the phrase “psací stůl” (meaning “writing table”) instead.
  857. snadno [adverb] (easily)
  858. zvýšený [adjective] (increased - masculine)
  859. určený [adjective] (specified, determined, given - masculine)
  860. prát [verb] (to wash)
  861. potom [adverb] (afterward)
  862. nadále [adverb] (from now on)
  863. počátek [noun] (beginning)
  864. hudba [noun] (music)
  865. svoboda [noun] (freedom)
  866. jazyk [noun] (language, tongue) This word means both “language” (e.g., “a foreign language”) and “tongue” (e.g., “stick out your tongue”).
  867. sekce [noun] (section)
  868. povinnost [noun] (duty)
  869. bývat [verb] (used to be)
  870. návrat [noun] (return)
  871. hrad [noun] (castle)
  872. varianta [noun] (variant)
  873. zámek [noun] (lock)
  874. původně [adverb] (originally)
  875. vracet [verb] (to return)
  876. očekávat [verb] (to expect)
  877. starosta [noun] (mayor)
  878. souhlasit [verb] (to agree)
  879. skutečnost [noun] (fact)
  880. host [noun] (guest)
  881. konference [noun] (conference)
  882. obsah [noun] (contents)
  883. daleký [adjective] (distant - masculine)
  884. tvorba [noun] (creation)
  885. jídlo [noun] (food)
  886. oddělený [adjective] (separate – masculine)
  887. raději [adverb] (rather)
  888. strom [noun] (tree)
  889. snímek [noun] (snapshot, movie)
  890. skoro [adverb] (almost)
  891. průměr [noun] (diameter, average)
  892. radost [noun] (joy)
  893. nástroj [noun] (instrument)
  894. síto [noun] (sieve)
  895. ostrov [noun] (island)
  896. sněmovna [noun] (house)
  897. přece [particle]
  898. snaha [noun] (effort)
  899. víkend [noun] (weekend)
  900. vybraný [adjective] (selected - masculine)
  901. oproti [preposition] (compared to)
  902. kapacita [noun] (capacity)
  903. dostatek [noun] (enough)
  904. oficiální [adjective] (official)
  905. provést [verb] (to carry out)
  906. teplota [noun] (temperature)
  907. uvádět [verb] (to state)
  908. kompletní [adjective] (complete)
  909. dokument [noun] (document)
  910. zajímat [verb] (to interest)
  911. linka [noun] (line)
  912. smysl [noun] (sense)
  913. kultura [noun] (culture)
  914. doplnit [verb] (to refill, to add)
  915. letiště [noun] (airport)
  916. trenér [noun] (trainer)
  917. naprosto [adverb] (absolutely)
  918. odborný [adjective] (professional - masculine)
  919. červený [adjective] (red - masculine)
  920. nákup [noun] (shopping)
  921. jaro [noun] (spring)
  922. důl [noun] (mine)
  923. provádět [verb] (to be carrying out, to show around)
  924. konečně [adverb] (finally)
  925. daný [adjective] (given - masculine)
  926. soubor [noun] (file)
  927. ohled [noun] (regard, consideration)
  928. kostel [noun] (church)
  929. slovenský [adjective] (Slovak - masculine)
  930. sem [adverb] (here)
  931. tvar [noun] (shape)
  932. kus [noun] (piece)
  933. reakce [noun] (reaction)
  934. požár [noun] (fire)
  935. bezpečnost [noun] (security)
  936. zákaz [noun] (prohibition)
  937. připravovat [verb] (to be preparing)
  938. série [noun] (series)
  939. silnice [noun] (road)
  940. nosit [verb] (wear)
  941. vojenský [adjective] (military - masculine)
  942. branka [noun] (gate, goal) The word Branka in Czech refers to either a goal net or a small gate (or a wicket).
  943. trest [noun] (punishment)
  944. ztráta [noun] (loss)
  945. deník [noun] (diary)
  946. koncert [noun] (concert)
  947. vybavit [verb] (to equip)
  948. líbit [verb] (to like)
  949. fond [noun] (fund)
  950. mnout [verb] (to knead)
  951. francouzský [adjective] (French - masculine)
  952. podnikatel [noun] (entrepreneur)
  953. upozornit [verb] (to warn)
  954. odmítnout [verb] (to decline)
  955. muzeum [noun] (museum)
  956. špatně [adverb] (wrong)
  957. následující [adjective] (following)
  958. manželka [noun] (wife)
  959. výhoda [noun] (advantage)
  960. armáda [noun] (army)
  961. slavný [adjective] (famous - masculine)
  962. skutečný [adjective] (real - masculine)
  963. vlastní [adjective] (own)
  964. projít [verb] (to pass, to walk through)
  965. cestovní [adjective] (travel)
  966. bohatý [adjective] (rich - masculine)
  967. bojovat [verb] (to fight)
  968. podlaha [noun] (floor)
  969. paní [noun] (Mrs, madam)
  970. přicházet [verb] (to come)
  971. účet [noun] (account)
  972. vedoucí [noun] (leader, boss)
  973. prvek [noun] (element)
  974. vlna [noun] (wave)
  975. uskutečnit [verb] (to make something happen)
  976. dotaz [noun] (query)
  977. životný [adjective] (animate - masculine)
  978. vznik [noun] (origin, genesis, founding)
  979. model [noun] (model)
  980. školní [adjective] (school)
  981. zdravotnický [adjective] (medical - masculine)
  982. jakýkoliv [adverb] (any)
  983. přední [adjective] (front)
  984. hlásit [verb] (to report)
  985. proběhnout [verb] (to run through)
  986. vycházet [verb] (to walk out, to get on)
  987. zelený [adjective] (green - masculine)
  988. odpovídat [verb] (to respond)
  989. chyba [noun] (error)
  990. hvězda [noun] (star)
  991. dostupný [adjective] (available - masculine)
  992. bydlení [noun] (housing)
  993. komentář [noun] (comment)
  994. docházet [verb] (to be running out, to attend)
  995. léto [noun] (summer)
  996. zaznamenat [verb] (to record)
  997. filmový [adjective] (film – masculine)
  998. myslet [verb] (to think)
  999. založit [verb] (to found)
  1000. ústava [noun] (constitution)
  1001. uvedený [adjective] (mentioned - masculine)
  1002. pohybovat [verb] (to move)
  1003. pobýt [verb] (to stay)
  1004. obrázek [noun] (image)
  1005. servis [noun] (service)
  1006. podporovat [verb] (to support)
  1007. životní [adjective] (life)
  1008. občanský [adjective] (civil - masculine)
  1009. festival [noun] (festival)
  1010. srdce [noun] (heart)
  1011. unie [noun] (union)
  1012. účast [noun] (participation)
  1013. přestože [conjunction] (although)
  1014. zrovna [adverb] (just now)
  1015. třída [noun] (class)
  1016. praktický [adjective] (practical - masculine)
  1017. komentovat [verb] (to comment)
  1018. přímý [adjective] (direct - masculine)
  1019. hlas [noun] (voice)
  1020. výstavba [noun] (construction)
  1021. praxe [noun] (practice)
  1022. loď [noun] (ship)
  1023. premiér [noun] (prime minister)
  1024. takto [adverb]
  1025. zvolit [verb] (to choose)
  1026. aktuálně [adverb] (currently)
  1027. nejprve [adverb] (first)
  1028. lehký [adjective] (light - masculine)
  1029. mrtvý [adjective] (dead - masculine)
  1030. chystat [verb] (to prepare)
  1031. víno [noun] (wine)
  1032. denní [adjective] (daily)
  1033. Čína [noun] (China)
  1034. zveřejnit [verb] (to publish)
  1035. zahájit [verb] (to start)
  1036. obrana [noun] (defense)
  1037. kuchyně [noun] (kitchen)
  1038. dřevo [noun] (wood)
  1039. dostávat [verb] (to be getting, to get a beating)
  1040. délka [noun] (length)
  1041. vzduch [noun] (air)
  1042. zrušit [verb] (to cancel)
  1043. schválit [verb] (to approve)
  1044. zbytek [noun] (the rest, remainder)
  1045. právní [adjective] (legal)
  1046. kombinace [noun] (combination)
  1047. společenský [adjective] (social - masculine)
  1048. okolo [preposition] (around)
  1049. vůči [preposition] (towards)
  1050. prohlásit [verb] (to declare)
  1051. scéna [noun] (scene)
  1052. úvěr [noun] (credit)
  1053. končit [verb] (to end)
  1054. vítězství [noun] (victory)
  1055. voják [noun] (soldier)
  1056. čtvrtý [adjective] (fourth - masculine)
  1057. majetek [noun] (property)
  1058. orgán [noun] (authority)
  1059. červenka [noun] (robin)