Worried about writing an email in the Lithuanian language? Your message might be lost in translation if you don’t follow some common rules of writing in the Lithuanian language.
In this article, we will discuss a few ways to start and end an email as well as provide advice on which phrases to use to properly communicate your message and discuss the required topic with friends or business partners.
An email has to start with a greeting which depends on the level of formality you wish to keep (formal or informal). The Lithuanian language has extra vowels and decorated consonants which can change the whole word/name if skipped. Therefore, it is recommended to copy and paste the recipient's name from previous emails to avoid any mistakes.
In Lithuanian, a formal email begins with addressing the recipient, e.g. “Dear Director” and a comma is written right after. Also, it is not uncommon to shorten the word “Dear” (“Gerbiamasis (masculine) / Gerbiamoji (feminine) ) to a “Gerb.” followed by the surname or position. For example:
Neutral greetings are:
Informal emails allow the use of a neutral greeting:
A comma has to follow, e.g. “Labas rytas, Marija” (Good morning, Marija).
A polite way to conclude a formal email is to use one of the following sign-off phrases:
These formal sign-off phrases are written on a new line and start with a capital letter. No punctuation marks are required and the name and surname of the sender are written on the following line. In the case of a business email, a company name should also be added at the end.
The ending of an informal email does not follow set rules. It can be concluded with phrases such as:
Similar to the endings of formal emails, these informal Lithuanian email sign-off phrases are not followed by a comma, and the first name of the sender is written on the next line. The contact details of the sender may also be added at the end of the email if necessary.
Depending on the context, a useful phrase to include at the beginning of the email is “Dėkoju už Jūsų laišką” (Thank you for your letter/email) which is a formal form and “Dėkoju už tavo laišką” for informal emails.
It is important to remember that Lithuanian distinguishes between formal and informal pronouns. The formal pronouns always start with a capital letter, for example: “Jūs” (You), “Jums” (For you), “Jūsų” (Yours).
When responding to a formal email, the phrase “Ačiū, kad susisiekėte” (Thank you for getting in touch) can also be used. When the email is a response to a previous phone call, it is polite to write “Dėkoju už skambutį” (Thank you for your call) or “Dėkoju už pokalbį” (Thank you for the conversation).
To inform the recipient of certain details, one may say:
When making plans via email, the following sentences may be used:
To ask for extra information, a sender may use these phrases:
The most common closings are:
Email etiquette changes depending on the recipient and it is necessary to keep that in mind when checking your way of writing. Professionalism and efficiency are the practices to be followed.
Just like any typical postcard, a postcard in Lithuanian may be started with “Dear” followed by the recipient's name. The informal manner of a postcard suggests the word “Brangus/Brangioji” to be used for men/women. Since postcards are usually tied to a special event, it is common to include a few wishes for the receiver or their family. Family wishes could be the following:
These formal greetings could also be easily turned to informal with a change of a pronoun:
In Lithuania, postcards are mostly used for birthdays, weddings, or Christmas holidays. A birthday card normally begins with the recipient's name, followed by a few well-wishes. The usual ones include:
A simple birthday postcard could have text like “Brangus/Brangioji [insert a name], Sveikinu su gimtadieniu!” (Dear [insert a name], Happy birthday!) It is not uncommon to have it followed by a short traditional poem or a few simple wishes.
A basic example of a Lithuanian email could be the following:
Dėkoju už Jūsų laišką.
Norėčiau pasiteirauti, ar turėtumėte laiko pokalbiui pirmadienį, 14:00? Ar galite atvykti į mūsų ofisą?
Thank you for your email.
I would like to ask if you have time for an interview on Monday, at 2 PM. Could you please come to our office?
Waiting for your confirmation.
As you can see, many common phrases may be used in different scenarios. Some of them can be easily amended from formal to informal, such as “Dėkoju už Jūsų laišką” (Thank you for your email - formal) can be changed into “Dėkoju už tavo laišką” (Thank you for your email - informal). The informal way to express gratitude could also be “Ačiū” (Thank you).
Typical questions in the emails are also transformed by a slight change: a formal “Ar galiu Jums paskambinti?” (May I give you a call?) can be switched to an informal “Ar galiu tau paskambinti?”
Email forms our image or the image of our company so it is necessary to pay attention to spelling, especially when using decorated consonants in the Lithuanian language.
Using best practices and common Lithuanian email phrases allows you to make a positive impression and communicate clearly. When writing an email in Lithuanian, it is important to double-check the vowels and consonants to avoid confusion and make your message easy to understand.